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CentOS6.8 编译安装LNMP

发布时间:2019-11-26 12:40编辑:新葡亰平台娱乐浏览(189)

    思路:根据Linux系统以及公司网站系统的信息,选择合适的安装包进行安装

    一、查看系统信息

    图片 1图片 2

    # uname -a                        # 查看内核/操作系统/CPU信息
    # head -n 1 /etc/issue       # 查看操作系统版本
    # grep MemTotal /proc/meminfo    # 查看内存总量
    #fdisk -l                                      # 查看所有分区
    

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    二、具体安装

    常规依赖包安装

    图片 3图片 4

    1 yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openldap openldap-devel openldap-clients openldap-servers make zlib-devel pcre-devel openssl-devel libtool* git tree bison perl gd gd-devel
    

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    安装libiconv库

    图片 5图片 6

    1 tar zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz
    2 cd libiconv-1.14
    3 ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/libiconv
    4 make && make install
    5 cd ..
    

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    安装libmcrypt,mhash,mcrypt库

    图片 7图片 8

     1 tar zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
     2 cd libmcrypt-2.5.8
     3 ./configure
     4 make && make install
     5 cd ..
     6 tar jxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.bz2
     7 cd mhash-0.9.9.9
     8 ./configure
     9 make && make install
    10 cd ..
    11 tar zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
    12 cd mcrypt-2.6.8
    13 ./configure
    14 make && make install
    15 cd ..
    

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    编译 mcrypt 如果报错:configure: error: *** libmcrypt was not found,则

    echo '/usr/local/lib/'>>/etc/ld.so.conf
    ldconfig
    

    编译 mcrypt 如果报错:/bin/rm: cannot remove 'libtoolT': No such file or directory,则修改 configure 文件,找到 RM='$RM' 并改为 RM='$RM -rf'。

    安装CMake工具

    图片 9图片 10

    1 tar zxvf cmake-3.7.2.tar.gz
    2 cd cmake-3.7.2
    3 ./bootstrap && make && make install
    4 cd..
    

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    安装MySQL

    图片 11图片 12

     1 #卸载旧版本
     2 rpm -e mysql --nodeps
     3 #创建mysql用户
     4 groupadd mysql && useradd -g mysql -M mysql
     5 tar zxvf mysql-5.6.24.tar.gz
     6 cd mysql-5.6.24
     7 cmake 
     8 -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql 
     9 -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/usr/local/mysql/data 
    10 -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc 
    11 -DMYSQL_USER=mysql 
    12 -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
    13 -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
    14 -DWITH_ARCHIVE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
    15 -DWITH_MEMORY_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
    16 -DWITH_READLINE=1 
    17 -DMYSQL_UNIX_ADDR=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock 
    18 -DMYSQL_TCP_PORT=3306 
    19 -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 
    20 -DENABLE_DOWNLOADS=1 
    21 -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 
    22 -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all 
    23 -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8 
    24 -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8_general_ci 
    25 -DWITH_DEBUG=0 
    26 -DMYSQL_MAINTAINER_MODE=0 
    27 -DWITH_SSL:STRING=bundled 
    28 -DWITH_ZLIB:STRING=bundled
    29 make && make install
    30 #修改目录权限
    31 chown -R mysql:mysql /usr/local/mysql
    32 #拷贝配置文件(注意:如果/etc目录下面默认有一个my.cnf,直接覆盖即可)
    33 cp support-files/my-default.cnf /etc/my.cnf
    34 #编辑配置文件,在 [mysqld] 部分增加下面一行
    35 vi /etc/my.cnf
    36 datadir = /usr/local/mysql/data #添加MySQL数据库路径
    37 #执行初始化配置脚本,创建系统自带的数据库和表
    38 /usr/local/mysql/scripts/mysql_install_db --basedir=/usr/local/mysql --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data --user=mysql
    39 #加入系统服务
    40 cp support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
    41 chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
    42 #启动mysql
    43 service mysqld start
    44 #开机启动
    45 chkconfig mysqld on
    46 #加入环境变量
    47 echo 'PATH=/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH'>>/etc/profile
    48 export PATH
    49 #让配置生效
    50 source /etc/profile
    51 #设置root密码,默认是没有密码的
    52 /usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -uroot -p password
    53 cd ..
    

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    启动 mysql 时如果报错:mysqld_safe Directory '/var/lib/mysqld' for UNIX socket file don't exists,则

    mkdir -p /var/lib/mysqld 
    chown mysql:mysql /var/lib/mysqld
    

    安装PHP

    图片 13图片 14

     1 tar zxvf php-5.6.30.tar.gz
     2 cd php-5.6.30
     3 ./configure 
     4 --prefix=/usr/local/php 
     5 --with-fpm-user=www --with-fpm-group=www 
     6 --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc 
     7 --with-mhash --with-mcrypt --enable-bcmath 
     8 --enable-mysqlnd --with-mysql --with-mysqli --with-pdo-mysql 
     9 --with-gd --enable-gd-native-ttf --with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-freetype-dir 
    10 --enable-fpm 
    11 --enable-mbstring 
    12 --enable-pcntl 
    13 --enable-sockets 
    14 --enable-opcache 
    15 --with-openssl 
    16 --with-zlib 
    17 --with-curl 
    18 --with-libxml-dir 
    19 --with-iconv-dir
    20 make && make install
    21 #移动生成php-fpm配置文件
    22 mv /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
    23 #复制生成一份php配置文件
    24 cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini
    25 #将php-fpm加入系统服务
    26 cp sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/init.d/php-fpm
    27 #赋予执行权限
    28 chmod +x /etc/init.d/php-fpm
    29 #开机启动
    30 chkconfig php-fpm on#创建www用户
    31 groupadd www && useradd -d /home/www -g www www
    32 #启动php-fpm
    33 service php-fpm start
    34 cd ..
    35 vim /etc/profile
    36 修改PATH=/usr/local/php/bin:/usr/local/mysql/bin:$PATH
    37 export PATH
    38 source /etc/profile
    

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    安装Nginx

    图片 15图片 16

    tar zxvf nginx-1.10.2.tar.gz 
    cd nginx-1.10.2
    ./configure 
    --user=www 
    --group=www 
    --prefix=/usr/local/nginx 
    --conf-path=/etc/nginx/nginx.conf 
    --error-log-path=/var/log/nginx/error.log 
    --http-log-path=/var/log/nginx/access.log 
    --pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid 
    --with-http_stub_status_module 
    --with-http_gzip_static_module 
    --with-http_ssl_module 
    --with-pcre
    make && make install
    

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    添加Nginx启动管理脚本/etc/init.d/nginx

    图片 17图片 18

    #!/bin/sh
    #
    # nginx - this script starts and stops the nginx daemon
    #
    # chkconfig: - 85 15# description: NGINX is an HTTP(S) server, HTTP(S) reverse 
    # proxy and IMAP/POP3 proxy server
    # processname: nginx# config: /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
    # config: /etc/sysconfig/nginx# pidfile: /var/run/nginx.pid
    
    # Source function library.
    . /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
    
    # Source networking configuration.
    . /etc/sysconfig/network
    
    # Check that networking is up.
    [ "$NETWORKING" = "no" ] && exit 0
    
    nginx="/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx"
    prog=$(basename $nginx)
    
    NGINX_CONF_FILE="/etc/nginx/nginx.conf"
    
    [ -f /etc/sysconfig/nginx ] && . /etc/sysconfig/nginx
    
    lockfile=/var/lock/subsys/nginx
    
    make_dirs() {
      # make required directories
      user=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep "configure arguments:.*--user=" | sed 's/[^*]*--user=([^ ]*).*/1/g' -`
      if [ -n "$user" ]; then
      if [ -z "`grep $user /etc/passwd`" ]; then
      useradd -M -s /bin/nologin $user
      fi
      options=`$nginx -V 2>&1 | grep 'configure arguments:'`
      for opt in $options; do
      if [ `echo $opt | grep '.*-temp-path'` ]; then
      value=`echo $opt | cut -d "=" -f 2`
      if [ ! -d "$value" ]; then
      # echo "creating" $value
      mkdir -p $value && chown -R $user $value
      fi
      fi
      done
      fi
    }
    
    start() {
      [ -x $nginx ] || exit 5
      [ -f $NGINX_CONF_FILE ] || exit 6
      make_dirs
      echo -n $"Starting $prog: "
      daemon $nginx -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
      retval=$?
      echo
      [ $retval -eq 0 ] && touch $lockfile
      return $retval
    }
    
    stop() {
      echo -n $"Stopping $prog: "
      killproc $prog -QUIT
      retval=$?
      echo
      [ $retval -eq 0 ] && rm -f $lockfile
      return $retval
    }
    
    restart() {
      configtest || return $?
      stop
      sleep 1
      start
    }
    
    reload() {
      configtest || return $?
      echo -n $"Reloading $prog: "
      killproc $nginx -HUP
      RETVAL=$?
      echo
    }
    
    force_reload() {
      restart
    }
    
    configtest() {
      $nginx -t -c $NGINX_CONF_FILE
    }
    
    rh_status() {
      status $prog
    }
    
    rh_status_q() {
      rh_status >/dev/null 2>&1
    }
    
    case "$1" in
      start)
      rh_status_q && exit 0
      $1
      ;;
      stop)
      rh_status_q || exit 0
      $1
      ;;
      restart|configtest)
      $1
      ;;
      reload)
      rh_status_q || exit 7
      $1
      ;;
      force-reload)
      force_reload
      ;;
      status)
      rh_status
      ;;
      condrestart|try-restart)
      rh_status_q || exit 0
      ;;
      *)
      echo $"Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|restart|condrestart|try-restart|reload|force-reload|configtest}"
      exit 2
    esac
    

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    用法指南

    图片 19图片 20

    chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
    service nginx start #启动nginx服务
    chkconfig nginx on #开机启动
    cd ..
    

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    至此,LNMP环境已搭建完毕。

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